Fem fakta om vold

Vold og overgrep i et livsløpsperspektiv ser ofte annerledes ut for kvinner og jenter, enn for menn og gutter.

FN slår fast at vold mot kvinner utgjør et alvorlig hinder for utvikling og likestilling mellom kjønnene. Partnerdrap, seksuell trakassering, grov partnervold, seksuell vold og voldtekt, omfattende kontroll, personforfølgelse og trusler rammer kvinner i langt større grad menn. Dette kan ikke overses i arbeidet med å bekjempe vold mot kvinner og vold i nære relasjoner.

Statistikk om vold og overgrep

Partnervold

En omfangstudie fra Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter om vold og traumatisk stress viser at kvinner er mer utsatt, både når det gjelder antall voldshendelser og grovhet av vold fra partner.

Voldtekt

Når man også tar med seksuell vold blir bildet enda tydeligere. Ti ganger flere kvinner enn menn (9,4 prosent mot 1,1 prosent) har opplevd voldtekt, og 3,8 prosent kvinner og 0,1 prosent menn har opplevd voldtekt fra partner. De fleste voldtektene av menn ble utført av menn.

Ti ganger flere kvinner enn menn hadde også opplevd to eller flere grove voldsformer som både grov fysisk vold og voldtekt.

Drap

Partnerdrap utgjør en fjerdedel av alle drap i Norge. Partnerdrap henger nøye sammen med partnervold. I syv av ti partnerdrap er det registrert partnervold før drapet. I perioden 2000 – 2019 er 149 kvinner og 18 menn drept av sine partnere.

 

Les mer om partnerdrap i Norge 

Seksuell trakassering

Undersøkelser viser at klart flere jenter enn gutter er utsatt for trakassering. Tall fra Ungdata 2017 viser at i alt 21 prosent av jenter og 9 prosent av gutter har opplevd trakassering i løpet av 2017.

Ungdata 2018 

I en studie fra  NTNU (2016) fremgår det at 55 prosent av jentene har opplevd ikke-fysisk, seksuell trakassering av gutter, mens 40 prosent av guttene har opplevd det samme fra jenter. Den samme studien viser at klart flere jenter enn gutter er utsatt for fysiske former for seksuell trakassering. 35 prosent av jenter og 25 prosent av gutter oppga at de hadde opplevd minst ett tilfelle av seksuell tvang siste år. 4 prosent av jenter og 1 prosent av gutter hadde opplevd tvang til samleie.

Studien viser også at det er ikke tilfeldig hvem og hvordan seksuell trakassering rammer. Undersøkelsen viste at jenter var klart mer utsatt for seksuell tvang, krav om seksuelle tjenester og ubehagelige kommentarer på kropp, mens langt flere gutter enn jenter opplevde å få homonegative kommentarer rettet mot seg. Skeive ungdommer og gutter med minoritetsbakgrunn var generelt mer utsatt for seksuell trakassering og bruk av tvang enn andre ungdommer.

Seksuell tvang, undersøkelser fra NTNU
Tvang til samleie, undersøkelser fra NTNU

Voldens konsekvenser

Volden har også ulike konsekvenser, og kvinner oppgir i betydelig større grad enn menn at de fryktet å bli skadet eller drept i forbindelse med volden.

 

Publisert 10.05.19

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